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Medical Guide -
form in the bladder.
Signs Of Stones
There are some signs that you can see physically with your Guinea Pig which could be a combination of any of the following :
Your Guinea Pig may even be hunched or strain while urinating or passing Fecal matter. Or May even show general signs of being unwell (ie. Changes in eating Appetite, Decreased Activity, Depression.). Some Stones can cause so much pain that they interfere with mobility.
Differential Diagnosis (Other Possible Conditions)
The following are other possible conditions that could be causing any of the above
The only way to find out the cause of the complications your Guinea Pig may be experiencing is to seek assistance from your vet!
What will my Vet do?
Your Vet will normally first examine you Guinea Pig by Palpate its lower abdomen. Stones can not always be found by Palpation.
Also an Ultrasound can be used to detect stones.
Your vet may also test for UTI by collecting Urine or Drawing it straight from the bladder Using a needle (Cystocentesis). Urine then will
be tested for bacteria and blood. If there are No visible signs of blood in the Urine it may be tested for presence of blood.
Most Guinea Pigs can not pass stones on their own and require surgery to remove them. Bladder Stones can sometimes be plucked out of the Urethra if close to the opening.
Occasionally a Guinea Pig can pass a stone before surgery so it is always best to
complete an x-
If Bladder Stones enter in to the Urethra they are sometimes flush back in to the Bladder for removal. Normally two or more weeks of Antibiotics are prescribed to prevent infection while healing and will also treat most Urinary Tract Infections.
Multiple Stones Because New stones may reform within months or even weeks of surgery,
it is important to monitor your pet after Stone Removal Surgery. Some pet owners
have reported a recurrence of stones 2-
The cause of bladder stone formation is poorly understood. Because stones seem to run in families, it is likely there is strong genetic component. Frequent urinary tract infections have also been implicated, as well as improper diet, inadequate water intake and obesity.
Calcium Carbonate is the most common type of stone. Recent studies have shown that the Composition of the majority (90%>) of Urinary Stones is 100% Calcium Carbonate. A certain percentage also contain traces of Calcium Phosphate, Oxalate or Struvite.
A good quality diet is thought to help prevent the formation and reformation of Bladder Stones. Poor diets normally consist of Alfalfa pellets which contain High Levels of Calcium, some hays and vegetables may contribute to Stone formation.
A good diet would include :-
Grass Hay should be the foundation of every Guinea Pigs Diet. Offer the best hay you can find to encourage eating as much as possible.
Guinea Pigs are Herbivores. Their digestive system is designed to extract nutrients from A variety of Grasses and Greens. Wet, Leafy Greens are a good choice.
Use a Low-
Is required for absorption of calcium. For a Guinea Pig that is not getting Regular exposure to Sun Light, removing pellets may result in a diet devoid of Vitamin D. Vitamin D is not present in Hays and Greens but is added to Guinea Pig Pellets. If you Plan on going Pellet Free you will need to consult your Vet for a supplement.
Take every opportunity to increase Fluid Intake.
Below is an x-
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