Guinea Pig Bloat

Guinea Pig Bloat

Guinea Pig Bloat also known as Gastric Stasis is characterised by a Gaseous Distension, Painful Abdomen, Anorexia and Profound weakness. Onset normally appears sudden and the Owner may notice a Distended Abdomen. X-raying these individuals may Show large sections of the Stomach or Cecum distended by Gas and sometimes Fluid

 If you believe your Guinea Pig has Gastric Stasis/Bloat

See A Vet Immediately

Left untreated this condition can become worse and more Life Threatening


 

Guinea Pig Bloat

 


Common Causes of Gastric Stasis (Bloat)

  • Impaction’s From Hairball’s
  • Dietary Indiscretion (Eating something they shouldn’t ie. Plastic Wrapper around Cucumber missed by owner)
  • Bacterial Gastroenteritis
  • Gut Adhesions (from Prior Surgery)
  • Stomach Blockage
  • Intestinal Blockage
  • Dental Issues (This can be Overgrown Incisors, Broken Incisors, Dental Spurs, Misaligned Jaw, Elongated Roots) Please see our TEETH Section
  • Internal Pain Compromise (By this we mean Internal Organ Pain, Nausea causing unwillingness to eat) (See Alternative Causes Below)

Common Signs Of Gastric Stasis (Bloat)

  • Not Eating (Anorexia)
  • Not Drinking
  • Bloated Abdomen
  • Sitting in Sleeping Compartment with Hunch Posture.
  • Generally looking Down in the dumps
  • Non-Active (Not moving around)

Note that Bloat can be fatal to the life of your Guinea Pig if left un-diagnosed/untreated, and could lead to any of the following conditions :-

  • Anorexia
  • Dental Malocclusion
  • Ketosis
  • Death

Alternative Causes

One of our Team (Gerogina) Went off her food and we rushed her to the Vet. The Vet diagnosed Gastric Stasis but could not find anything that would have caused the bloat or the unwillingness to eat. He checked her teeth using an Otoscope and found no dental issues in fact her teeth were short. He prescribed :-

  • Cisapride to stimulate the intestines
  • Metoclopromide to stimulate the Gut and Cecum

He advised us to also administer Infacol to help reduce the air bubbles in her abdomen and to Hand Feed her. Whilst the Bloat symptoms were gradually being reduced she still had an unwillingness to eat. We took her back to the Vet after a few days of her not attempting to eat on her own. He kept her in for a few hours to run some tests and we went back a few hours later to pick her up and get the results. This is what the Vet had found :-

  • X-Ray of Abdomen showed 4 stones in her tubing from her Kidneys to her bladder. And another stone in her Bladder.
  • Ultrasound Found Her Left Kidney was enlarged.

We have put the Kidney Enlargement down to the stones preventing the Left Kidney from flushing properly therefore causing Kidney Congestion. At the time this page was created she is booked in for surgery to have the Bladder Stones removed. We will monitor the Kidney after 7 days from the Stone Surgery to see if the enlargement has decreased. If the Kidney has been identified as failed then we will then commence with the removal of the left kidney.

Conclusion

Georgina was in Pain and Discomfort given to her by the failing of the Kidney and the Congestion Build Up. Therefore Internal Pain was the cause for her Anorexia leading to Gastric Stasis (Bloat). If your Veterinarian can not find a Common Cause for Gastric Stasis it is imperative for your Vet to run more test to find the cause.

In All most 90% of Cases of Gastric Stasis (Bloat) you will find this is a secondary condition and not the primary.

Finding the Primary cause will be needed before your Guinea Pig will have chance of survival.

Treatment For Gastric Stasis (Bloat)

Some Vets may try any combination of the following drugs or may even try the whole list.

  • Antibiotic Treatment (If Bacterial Gastroenteritis is found)
  • Motility Drugs (Metoclopramide, Emerprid,Cisapride)
  • Gas Realising Medication (BIRP)(Infacol)
  • Pain Medication (Metacam Cat/Dog)

If an x-ray is performed and the Vet is happy to do so they may try either of these Surgical Treatments :-

  • Decompression with a Stomach Tube.
  • Trochariztion with a Fine Needle (Can Carry the risk of Peritonitis)