Guinea Pig Coccidiosis

Guinea Pig Coccidiosis

guinea pig coccidiosis

coccidiosis


Guinea Pig Coccidiosis is a serious Gastro Intestinal condition which needs prompt treatment. Failure to treat will lead to death within a matter of days and must not be ignored.

Once an animal is infected the oocyts will sporalate and rapidly produce in large numbers. This means that the intestinal cells inside the animal will rapidly become infected as the spores grow. Within a short period of time thousands of cells can become infected and destroyed. Due to the destruction of the cells within the instines will cause disrupted function in the intestines.

What is the strain of Guinea Pig Coccidiosis called?

The strain of Guinea Pig Coccidiosis is called “Eimeria Caviae”. The Guinea Pig Strain will not infect People or other larger Companion Animals such as Cats & Dogs although some other strains other animals carry can.

What are the common causes of Coccidiosis?

It has been found within the UK most common reasons for Coccidiosis are the following :

  • Breeding Farm Poor Hygiene
  • Pet Shop Poor Hygiene
  • Owner Poor Hygiene

What are the symptoms of Coccidiosis?

These are some of the symptoms of Possible Coccidiosis Infection :

  • Sudden Onset of Very Runny Diarrhoea
  • Rapid Weight Loss
  • Rapid Dehydration / Sunken Eyes Due to Dehydration
  • Sitting in Igloo with Hunched Posture
  • Anorexia (Does not attempt to eat/eats very little)
  • Death if left untreated (Death can result in as quick as 48 hours from infection).

How is Coccidiosis Diagnosed?

Coccidiosis can be confirmed by one of the four methods and they are :

  • Faecal Float
  • Culture
  • Sample under Microscope
  • Send Faecal/Blood to External Laboratory for tests

What Treatments are available to treat Coccidiosis?

Their are two possible Treatments for Coccidiosis and they are :

  • Baycox given at 0.40ml/kg of body weight once a day for 3 days then repeat with another one dose 10 days after the 3rd day.
  • Septrin Oral Solution given 0.63mg/kg of body weight for 7-10 days.
It is also recommended to hand feed your Guinea Pig until it is ready to eat for itself or until faecal matter has improved and body weight is gained. Recommended products are :-

• Protexin Fibreplex given at 1ml/kg body weight twice daily
• Oxbow Critical Care Formula
• Hydralyte (Purchased from your local Chemist) Used to treat Dehydration

Sterilisation

Coccidiosis Spores/Ooccyts can remain the environment for many years and are difficult to eradicate as they are resistant to most forms of sterilisation including burning. If you have had a Guinea Pig that has carried Coccidiosis the only confirmed method of killing the Bacteria/Spores is by thoroughly sterilising your Guinea Pigs enclosures and any other items it may have come in to contact with. A Bacterial Cleaner like Anigene will work rather then Risking Bleech. You will need to :-

  • Wash the Cage
  • Wash Housing
  • Wash Water Bottles
  • Wash Food Bowls
  • Dispose of any Toys (Tubes, Cosy Beds, Wood Chews) and replace with New.

Insure that if you have other Guinea Pigs in separate housing to infected Guinea Pigs you will need to ensure you Wash Hands/Clothing prior to handling un-infected Guinea Pigs.

In fact it is recommended that you handle un-infected Guinea Pigs 1st and hold Infected Guinea Pigs Last.

It is Recommended that if a Guinea Pig has been Confirmed as Having Coccidiosis then

ALL Guinea Pigs should be treated as a preventative measure.