Guinea Pig Urine Discolouration

Guinea Pig Urine Discolouration

Guinea Pig Urine Discolouration is not a normal condition and should be raised with Veterinarian in case your guinea pig is suffering from a condition which needs prompt treatment.

Guinea Pig’s Urine should be either a Pale Yellow or a Yellow colour. However it is possible to see changes in the colour of your Guinea Pigs Urine. This can be from a Yellow to Orange possibly even Red/Brown. Various substances can contribute to Turbidity including Crystals (Calcium Carbonates, Oxalates, Triple phosphate) and Lipids Often. Blood in urine is not visible to the naked eye and if there are no other symptoms (Loss Of Appetite, Straining, Frequent Urination, Weakness it could just be excretion of plant pigments or other possible reasons listed below.

Is their a common reason for Orange/Brown Urine?

One common condition is Porphyrinuria. The condition is caused by by-products from plant components, including Chlorophyll (a magnesium porphyrin in the urine) which Yellow Urine darkens to Red-Brown after exposure to light. Normally colour will return to normal within a few days. If not Urine can be evaluated. Dipstick Test will differentiate between Blood and just “Red/Brown Urine”.

Although normally there is no reason for concern speak to your Vet for advise. This should not be Ignored.

Common Causes of Red/Brown Urine

  • Excretion of Plant Pigment. For Example, Orange/Red urine is produced when Porphyrins (pigments that are abundant in Nature ) are excreted in the urine. Consumption of certain Vegetables & Plants like Beetroot, some bark, Blackberries, or those high in Beta-Carotene, such as Carrots & Spinach can exhibit more red pigments in the urine.
  • Normal Urine may appear Darker if your Guinea Pig is Dehydrated. The intensity of colour depends on level of Dehydration. Some Guinea Pigs will refuse to drink if the water taste stale or if Multivitamins are used (which we do not recommend).
  • Excessive amounts of Iron or B Vitamins passed in Urine and can cause Orange/Red/Brown discolouration in the urine. It’s a common problem with Herbivores that mostly consume Pellets as they contain high levels of Synthetic Vitamins and Minerals.
  • Some Antibiotics may increase levels of Pigments in the urine.
  • Liver & Blood Diseases can result in increased levels of Bilirubin and Urobilingen that change the urine colour.

Common Causes of True Blood In Urine

  • Physical Trauma (Guinea Pig fell from a high place causing internal injury.)
  • Source of Blood Can be Urinary or Reproduction System Issues (Urinary Tract Infections, Stones, Cystitis-Inflammation)
  • Blood from the reproductive system is usually associated with Blood passed at the end of Urination or with blood clots (in Sows-Females Blood may be lower down in the vaginal opening)
  • Blood related to Urinary Disorders you may also notice Straining, Squeaking. You will generally see blood mixed evenly with urine.
Animals that have Blood in there urine may also be Anaemic
Seek Veterinary Attention Immediately

Common Cause of White Urine

When urine dries you may see White Chalky residue (Should not be thick and pasty), Generally as a rule some white urine residue is not normally a problem, as it means excessive Calcium is being recreated properly. Excessive White Patches or pure White Urine means that Calcium Intake should be reduced. If White Urine and Blood is also Present along with Straining and Squeaking while urinating could identify a possible stone and should be checked by a veterinary surgeon for diagnosis. See Bladder Stones / Sludge Page.